To be or not to be :)

The verb ‘to be’ is an irregular verb. It is the most commonly used verb in the English language as it is is also an auxiliary verb which helps to form other tenses in English. Thus it becomes extremely important to learn its conjugation from the very beginning as very soon you might be facing the question ‘TO BE OR NOT TO BE’ :) . Let’s hit the floor and begin with Present Simple. By the way, it is a verb not commonly used in present continuous ( be very careful when using the word ‘never’, keep in mind that there’s always an exception to the general rule in English, besides, the English say ‘Never say never’).

As you are going to see there are two forms of the verb ‘to be’ in Present Simple: the long one and the shor one. The first is used in a more formal context 9especially in formal writing), the second in a more informal context.

A very important phenomenon to remember from the very beginning is ‘inversion’. You should always keep in mind that when asking a question in English you should reverse the place of the subject and the predicate. As ‘to be’ can form the interrogative without any other auxiliary, you just place the verb ‘to be’ in front of the subject and your question is ready!!!

And here are some exercises to help you better assimilate the theory to be or not to be / exercises

AFFIRMATIVE

LONG  FORM

SHORT  FORM

I am

Im

You are

Youre

He is

Hes

She is

Shes

It is

Its

We are

Were

You are

Youre

They are

Theyre

NEGATIVE

LONG FORM

SHORT FORM

I

am

  

 

 

not

I’m not

You

are

You aren’t

You’re

 

 

 

not

He

 

is

He

 

isn’t

He’s

She

She

She’s

It

It

It’s

We

 

are

We

 

aren’t

We’re

You

You

You’re

They

They

They’re

INTERROGATIVE

Am

I

 

 

 

?

Are

you

 

Is

he

she

it

 

Are

we

you

they

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